IPRA PUBLICATIONS

 New Publications for the IPRA Community

Transition Strategies for Sustainable Community Systems  By Nayak, Amar KJR (Ed.) 2019: Design and Systems Perspectives, APESS 26. Cham, Springer International Publishing.

This book presents five critical dimensions on relationships, institutions, production, organisation, and governance from design and systems perspectives for the systematic transition of unstable and vulnerable communities across the world to sustainable community systems.

  • The first section discusses features of relationships and processes to deepen cooperation and trust within a community.
  • The second section examines institutions within and outside a district to foster synergy across institutions within a district and to minimise negative externalities on local communities within a district.
  • The third section deals with food production systems that are nature-friendly, resilient, efficient and sustainable.
  • The fourth section discusses the design of producer organisations that can graduate to become sustainable community enterprise systems.
  • The fifth section focuses on community governance that can facilitate decentralised, participatory, transparent and democratic local governance systems.

This book

  • offers a fresh perspective on design thinking for optimising internal design consistencies.
  • provides a systems perspective on building sustainable community systems at the lowest governance unit in different countries, such as Ward/GramPanchayat/Panchayat Council/Gewong/Union Council/GN.
  • gives insights into design & systems perspectives towards building sustainable community systems within a district of any country across the world.

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Confronting Climate Change in Bangladesh: Policy Strategies for Adaptation and Resilience - By Huq, S., Chow, J., Fenton, A., Stott, C., Taub, J., Wright, H. (Eds.), APESS 28. Cham, Springer International Publishing.

Due to its vulnerability to a wide variety of climate change impacts, Bangladesh has become a laboratory for adaptation and resilience strategies in the developing world.  The knowledge shared by experienced practitioners who have a deep understanding of the complex context of this country is an invaluable resource. The International Centre for Climate Change and Development has brought together a host of experts across multiple disciplines to provide a detailed look at Bangladesh's ongoing struggle to prepare for the inevitable threats that climate change poses. This volume presents public policy-oriented strategies across numerous sectors, including agriculture, freshwater management, forests, finance, human rights, health systems, flood control, infrastructure, solar energy, and more.  Successes and shortcomings both provide useful lessons for other countries grappling with similar climate threats.  This book offers the latest research findings for a wider audience.

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Paris Climate Agreement: A Deal for Better Compliance? Lessons Learned from the Compliance Mechanisms of the Kyoto and Montreal Protocols,: By Savaşan, Zerrin: APESS 11. Cham, Springer International Publishing.

This book discusses options for an improved compliance system under the Paris Climate Agreement by addressing current weaknesses. The research is based on two cases, the Compliance Mechanisms of the Montreal and Kyoto Protocols and their outcomes in practice. This book analyses the different meanings of the compliance concept of Compliance Mechanisms (CMs) and Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) in chapter 3, on the theories and two basic explanatory models on compliance (chapter 4), on the development of CMs and the limitations of traditional means (chapter 5), and the questions on the CMs under the Kyoto and the Montreal Protocols (chapter 6). Based on its findings, options for an improved compliance system under the Paris Climate agreement are asked (chapter 7). 

This book 

  • Offers a detailed understanding of compliance and existing compliance mechanisms (CMs),
  • elaborates the CMs' present features on the basis of its case studies,
  • includes the latest information on CMs and its case studies,
  • discusses options for an improved compliance system under the Paris Climate Agreement figuring out the current weaknesses.

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Knowing the Salween River: Resource Politics of a Contested Transboundary River: By Middleton, Carl, Lamb, Vanessa (Eds.) APESS 27. Cham, Springer International Publishing.

This book offers a collection of empirical case studies on the contested politics of water and associated resources in the Salween basin. The Salween River, shared by China, Myanmar, and Thailand, is increasingly at the heart of pressing regional development debates. The basin supports the livelihoods of over 7 million people, and within it there is great socio-economic, cultural and political diversity. Given the paucity of grounded social science studies in this contested basin, this book provides conceptual insights at the intersection of resource governance, development, and politics relevant to researchers, policy-makers and practitioners at a time when rapid change is underway: the basin is witnessing intensifying dynamics of resource extraction, alongside large dam construction, conservation and development intervention, that is unfolding within a complex terrain of local, national and transnational governance. 

  • Fills major knowledge gap on a major river in Southeast Asia, with empirical and conceptual contributions
  • Provides a multi-disciplinary perspective by a range of writers, including academics, policy-makers and civil society researchers, the majority from within Southeast Asia

Offers new policy insights on a river at the cross-roads of a major political and development transition.

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Climate Change Impacts on Gender Relations in Bangladesh. Socio-environmental Struggle of the Shora Forest Community in the Sundarbans Mangrove Forest. : Sajal Roy: ESDP 28. Cham, Springer Nature Switzerland, 2019.

This book explores gendered perceptions of the Sundarbans Forest in Bangladesh, and the extent to which these perceptions are affected by extreme weather events (specifically, cyclones Aila and Sidr). Based on ethnographic fieldwork in Shora, a rural village in southern Satkhira, Bangladesh, the book explores gendered activities in the forest, especially women’s interaction with the forest resources. The findings present a clear picture of the Shora community’s local knowledge about the Sundarbans Forest, as well as the ecological and economic contributions for the forest people. The book makes a timely contribution to the wider study of gender, post-cyclone recovery, ecology and resilience.

  • Presents the first ethnographic data interpreting the essentials of Sundarbans Forest ecology   Presents survivor narratives of cyclone  Aila and Sidr through the lens of historical connectedness to the Sundarbans Forest
  • Explores gendered distribution of forest resources

Generates timely discussion on gender and environment, ecofeminism, the Sundarbans Forest, ecological security and climate change.

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Pioneers in Peace Research

Exploring Betty A. Reardon’s Perspective on Peace Education: Looking Back, Looking Forward. : By Snauwaert, Dale T.: (Ed.): PAHSEP vol. 20. Cham, Springer Nature Switzerland, 2019.

This book presents commentaries by a leading international group of peace education scholars and practitioners concerning Reardon’s peace education theory and intellectual legacy. The guiding question throughout the book is: How can her foundational work be used to advance the theory and practice of peace education? 

In an attempt to find answers, the contributing authors explore three general areas of inquiry: (1) Theoretical Foundations of Peace and Human Rights Education; (2) Feminism and the Gender Perspective as Pathways of Transformation Toward Peace and Justice; and (3) Peace Education Pedagogy and Practices. A contemplative commentary by Reardon herself rounds out the coverage.

  • Offers an exploration of the work of Betty A. Reardon, a pioneer in education for peace and human rights 
  • Presents commentaries by leading international scholars in the field 

Focuses on Reardon’s peace education theory and intellectual legacy.

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A Pioneer in Conflict Management and Area Studies - Essays on Contention and Governance.: I William Zartman: PAHSEP vol. 23. Cham, Springer Nature Switzerland, 2019.

The work draws on wide-ranging area analysis to develop inductively new concepts and approaches for further use in explanation and application.  Divided into two parts, it begins with analysis of revolution and socio-political unrest, followed by models of ethnic conflict and elite circulation in developing societies. It presents the cultural dialectic present in Islam.  It then lays out the patterns of mediation and negotiation in managing and resolving conflict, culminating with an analysis of intractables. Part two on governance lays out the nature of world order, cooperation, and conciliation.  It then turns to the challenges of identity, ideology, and interest, with some specific attention to the nature of borders and borderlands, and focuses on governance as conflict management and as negotiation. - This book encompasses a new analysis of a neglected part of International Relation, the prevention and management of conflict.

  • The book confronts sources and patterns of contentious politics with systems and methods of governance.
  • The book lays out a comprehensive conceptualization of the process of conflict management and negotiation, including questions of when as well as how. 
  • Presents an innovative analysis of the prevention and management of conflicts Confronts sources and patterns of contentious politics with effective systems and methods of governance 

Lays out a comprehensive conceptualization of the process of conflict management and negotiation, including questions of when as well as how.

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New Books on Peace Research in Africa

Anti-corruption Education and Peacebuilding - The Ubupfura Project in Rwanda.: Jean de Dieu Basabose: Cham, Springer Nature Switzerland, 2019.

This study explores corruption in Rwanda and highlights the necessity of developing anti-corruption education as a way of combating corruption. It argues that an effective campaign against corruption should consider promoting anti-corruption education with the aim of enabling present and future generations to maintain and live out the Ubupfura (meaning "trust/respect") ethical values. Considering the link between anti-corruption and peacebuilding efforts, as explained in this study, it is underlined that continuous efforts to raise such generations could undoubtedly move Rwandan society toward a sustainable peace. Peacebuilders, anti-corruption agents, and public policymakers are the primary beneficiaries of the study.

  • Explores how corruption has increasingly become a challenging issue that undermines peacebuilding processes
  • Demonstrates the involvement of children not only as beneficiaries of an anti-corruption education but as an anti-corruption agent, which is an innovation on the African continent

Offers a timely and attractive read in light of the relevance of the anti-corruption education on the African continent and the use of cultural resources. 

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Infrastructures for Peace in Sub-Saharan Africa. . Mediel Hove, Geoff Harris, (EdsCham, Springer Nature Switzerland, 2019.

Cultures of violence are characteristic of many countries in sub-Saharan Africa and attempts to move towards cultures of peace have often proved difficult and ineffectual. And yet, the wide variations in levels of violence within and between countries show that it is not inevitable; rather, it is the result of choices made at individual, community and societal levels. This book examines the potential of peace infrastructures as vehicles to strengthen and spread progress towards cultures of peace.

  • It is the only book available which documents the experience and potential of nonviolence in post-independence sub-Saharan Africa.
  • It makes a persuasive case for the development of various peace infrastructures in order to make peace sustainable.
  • It explains how strategic planning can be utilized, both to bring about change and to institutionalize it.

 Peace infrastructures vary hugely in sophistication and level. The examples examined in this book range from tiny structures which help resolve conflicts between individuals and within community organisations, peace committees which serve local communities, peace education and peace club programmes in schools, mediation mechanisms to prevent election violence and to ministries of peace to coordinate government and non-government efforts in peace making and peacebuilding. The overall finding is that the development of peace infrastructures at all levels has great potential to build cultures of peace.

  1. It is the only book available which documents the experience and potential of nonviolence in post-independence sub-Saharan Africa.
  2. It makes a persuasive case for the development of various peace infrastructures in order to make peace sustainable.
  3. It explains how strategic planning can be utilised, both to bring about change and to institutionalise it.

 

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